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The following information has been extracted from a document that was published by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in August 2001.

What is BoTT?

The Build Operate Train and Transfer (BoTT) approach is a way of implementing projects through the use of a management contract.  It is a partnership between the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) and private sector consortia or groups, called Programme Implementing Agent (PIA), with the involvement of the local community and local authorities.

The main objective is to combine the skills and resources of the private sector with the vision and financial strength of the public sector, in this case DWAF.  Just as important is the involvement of the community in decisions about the scale and nature of the projects and the empowerment of people through skills training and capacity building.

The management contract covers all parts of the process.  The PIA is responsible for everything, from feasibility studies to designing, building, operating the project for a limited period, training local community and local government people to both collect the revenue, and operate and maintain the infrastructure, and then transferring ownership to the local authority.

This new public and private sector partnership was developed in consultation with a number of organizations, political role players at national and provincial level, and the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee.

BoTT is new but it builds on the processes, good practices and lessons learnt from early RDP project implementation.

How does it work?

This ambitious programme does not replace current ways of providing water and sanitation in the four provinces.  BoTT brings in vastly greater managerial, technical and training capacity from the private sector to work with local government and communities so that many, many more projects get going.  The result is much more capacity to deliver so that more communities can benefit.

Some of the advantages of BoTT:

  • There will be greater delivery – more projects in more communities;
  • There is a single entity, the PIA, which is responsible for the entire project and for ensuring that it is sustainable after it is handed over to the local authority;
  • Communities will be involved all along the way in Project Steering Committees and Labour Desks to help manage community participation;
  • There are incentives built into the BoTT contracts to ensure the building of capacity, the involvement of previously disadvantaged people and small businesses, and the training of local people and local authority personnel;
  • All of this takes place within a framework of institutional and social development so that communities can benefit from far more than just the services.

How the contracts are structured

The BoTT contracts are put together to allow all the major stakeholders to have an input in the running of each of the projects.  The stakeholders include DWAF, the Employer’s Representative, the PIA and Local Government.

SNS Tanga Water Supply Scheme Serving 10 villages in the B'worth area

Sipaqeni (EU) Water Supply Scheme Serving 14 villages southeast of Flagstaff

Madalangala Water Supply Scheme Serving 11 villages in the Matatiele area

Mwaca Water Supply Scheme Serving 2 000 people in two villages

Peddie Regional Water Supply Scheme - thousands to benefit

Peddie South Water Supply Scheme Serving 13 communities in Peddie area

Gqukunqa Water Supply Scheme – 16 villages / Caba Water Supply Scheme – 9 villages

Qanda Water Supply Scheme – 5 villages / Minga Water Supply Scheme – 8 villages

Wild Coast Spatial Development Initiative Four development nodes at Port St Johns,
Dwesa, Coffee Bay and Mkambati